Home Pharmacognosy Foods, herbs to manage hemorrhoids

Foods, herbs to manage hemorrhoids


Have you started eating carobs? It is necessary because for this week it is part of the list of natural remedies. Have you ever eaten cucumber and roasted peanuts? Hmmn, their marriage is done in heaven! This will at least encourage people who don’t like to eat cucumber because it doesn’t taste sweet.

Today I am going to talk about hemorrhoids commonly known as piles. This led me to chat with the Head of Herbarium and Medicinal Plant Gardens, Department of Pharmacognosy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Osun State, Mr. Ife Ogunlowo. He told me that the Drug Research and Production Unit at the University’s Faculty of Pharmacy had a herbal medicine called Jeddy Decoction. It includes 10 Nigerian herbal medicines and at the top of the list are Picralima nitida (Abere) and Tetrapleura tetraptera (Aridan) as these are the plants with the highest ratio and in the herbal formulation. It has been in use for over 20 years and has been listed by the National Agency for Food and Drug Administration and Control as safe for consumption. It should be noted that research is being done on the drug and that it is used in the management of hemorrhoids and other symptoms such as incessant back pain and waist pain.

Hemorrhoids are swollen veins similar to varicose veins in the anus and lower rectum. It can develop inside the rectum (internal hemorrhoids) or under the skin around the anus (external hemorrhoids).

Symptoms often include: painless bleeding, itching or irritation in the anal area, discomfort, pain or pain in the same area, lumps and swelling in the anal area, and leaking stool


Pregnancy: They occur more frequently in pregnant women because, as the uterus grows, it presses on the vein in the colon, causing it to swell.

Aging: Hemorrhoids are more common in adults between the ages of 45 and 65. This does not mean, however, that young people and children do not understand them.

Diarrhea: Hemorrhoids can occur after cases of chronic diarrhea.

Chronic constipation: straining to move stool puts extra pressure on the walls of the blood vessels.

Sitting Too Long: Sitting for long periods of time can cause hemorrhoids.

Heavy lifting: Lifting heavy objects repeatedly can be the cause.

Anal intercourse: This can cause new hemorrhoids or make existing ones worse.

Obesity: Diet-related obesity can cause hemorrhoids.

Genetics: Some people inherit a tendency to develop hemorrhoids

Simple ways to prevent hemorrhoids

Load up on fiber: Hemorrhoids are more likely to occur in people who have infrequent bowel movements. One of the easiest and most natural ways to become more regular is to get plenty of fiber, whether through your diet or through supplements. The sources of fiber are:

  • Legumes, such as split peas, lentils, black beans, lima beans, and baked beans
  • Whole grains, such as barley, bran flakes, oatmeal, and brown rice
  • Vegetables such as artichoke, green peas, broccoli and Brussels sprouts
  • Fruits such as raspberries, pears, apples and bananas

Drink Enough Water: This hemorrhoid prevention strategy is simple and inexpensive, but so few of us actually do it. In addition to eating a healthy diet rich in fiber, adequate hydration of water is the key to having healthy bowel movements.

Get plenty of exercise: Exercise helps keep the colon more regular. However, engaging in activities that increase abdominal pressure and / or exertion (such as weight lifting) can lead to hemorrhoids. Staying active reduces the time you spend sitting and putting pressure on the veins in the lower rectum. If you have a history of problematic hemorrhoids, you may want to avoid heavy lifting or other strenuous activities and opt for more moderate exercise programs such as swimming or walking to prevent the hemorrhoids from healing. develop.

Be careful with laxatives: When you’re constipated, some fiber supplements, especially psyllium capsules, have a reputation for helping you be more regular, which can prevent painful hemorrhoids. When it comes to laxatives, they can help as long as you pick the right ones. Some laxatives work by stimulating intestinal contraction to move the contents. This could increase the pressure of the hemorrhoids and cause symptoms.

Don’t fight the urge: when you have to go to the bathroom, go. It is one of the easiest ways to prevent hemorrhoids. Ignoring the urge has its risks and hemorrhoids are one of them.

Avoid straining: Forcing and putting more pressure on the veins in your rectum is one of the most common causes of painful or bleeding hemorrhoids. In some cases, this can happen as a result of pushing too hard when trying to have a bowel movement. Other situations can also cause tension such as heavy lifting, chronic coughing, or even pregnancy.

In a study titled “Ethnobotanical Survey of Plants Used in the Treatment of Haemorrhoids in South-Western Nigeria”, by Soladoye et al, here are some of the herbs listed: Ocimum gratissimum (efinrin / leaves), Chromolaena odorata (Ewe Akintola / leaves ), Vernonia amygdalina (ewuro / leaves), Momordica charantia (ejrin were), Jatropha curcas (lapalapa funfun / leaves), Jatropha multifida (ogege / leaves), Senna alata (asunwon oyinbo / leaves), Acacia nilotica (booni / fruit) , Parkia biglobosa (almost all reported Parkia species are used in different forms to treat diarrhea and dysentery), Tetrapleura tetraptera (Aridan / pod), Abrus precatorius (Oju ologbo / leaves), Lawsonia inermis (laali sheep / leaves) , Hibiscus sabdariffa (Isapa / leaves), Azadirachta indica (Dongoyaro / leaves), Amaranthus spinosus (dagunro / root) and Amaranthus viridis (abalaye head / whole plant).

Others are Anacardium occidental (cashew plant / bark), Mangifera indica (mango / stem bark), Spondias monbin (iyeye / leaves), Enantia chlorantha (awopa / bark), Xylopia aethiopica (eru alamo / fruit), Anacardium occidental ( cashew plant / bark), Picralima nitida (Abere / seed), Newbouldia laevis (Akoko plant / leaves), Carica papaya plant (ibepe / leaves), Moringa oleifera (leaves), Psidium guajava plant (guava / root), Enantia chlorantha plant (Awopa / bark), Alstonia boonei (Ahun / bark), Talinum triangulare (gbure / root), Mondia whitei (Isirigun / root), Afromomum melegueta (ataare / pod) and Zingiber officinale (ginger).

Scientific studies

In a study titled “Establishing a preliminary basis for the use of Ocimum gratissimum in the traditional management of hemorrhoids”, by Ede et al, the study suggests a scientific basis for the use of Ocimum gratissimum in the traditional management of hemorrhoids. hemorrhoids. In another study titled “Anti-Hemorrhoid Evaluation of Selected Herbal Medicines Used in Bali in Northeastern Nigeria for Treatment of Hemorrhoids (Stack),” by Ukwubile et al, six selected plants (carob is among) were examined. for anti-hemorrhoid activities in mice The study showed that the extracts of the plants studied possessed anti-hemorrhoid activities.

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